Basic Computer Terminology Access time - The performance of a hard drive or other storage device - how long it takes to locate a file. A Simpli ed Computer Science Glossary Dr. Robert B. Heckendorn Computer Science Department, University of Idaho September 9, 2019 Here is a very simple glossary of computer science terms. The Ultimate OCR A Level Computer Science Glossary By The Muslim CompSci A* Algorithm: A* Search is … 3. n. Copyright © 2020 BankExamsToday – RBI Grade B Online Classes This is intended to provide the motivation for the research questions which will be proposed Download PDF of This Page (Size: 99K) ↧ If you copy anything we will hunt you down and we mean it. 30 000 terms and more are found and will be codified. In computer security, verification that a message has not been altered or corrupted. The collection of the terms is manual; it is long and needs to read of big corpus. In computer security, verification that a message has not been altered or corrupted. Operating System – Windows. The central processing unit or CPU, also known as the microprocessor or processor is the brain of the computer. Download PDF of This Page (Size: 99K) ↧ Computer. authorization 1. n. In computer security, the right granted to a user to communicate with or make use of a computer system. ;:muÛ#b�ã²aw©ÛÄ€,ÏÄÏ;}^"÷sŠ^RÌ&Ê)üÎ. In some cases a narrow de nition is given for simplicity sake. Computer science guide 1 Introduction ... Computer science itself is an international endeavour—the exchange of information and ideas across national boundaries has been essential to the progress of the subject. authorization 1. n. In computer security, the right granted to a user to communicate with or make use of a computer system. 4th Floor, Sutlej Tower Bindraban road, Ludhiana. The study of information, protocols and algorithms for idealized and real automata. 3D object (n)~ A digital representation of a three-dimensional object that can be rendered on a computer screen using specialized software. to compile a technical word list for computer science students derived from corpus analysis. Automatic text analysis systems can lexically recognize a word only if it already exists in the electronic dictionary. Computing Dictionary is a software designed to help users find difficult words related to computing science. Hey I am Ramandeep Singh. 2. n. An access right. It covers hardware, software, and related ideas. Competitive Exams: Glossary of Computer Science Glide to success with Doorsteptutor material for UGC : Get detailed illustrated notes covering entire syllabus : point-by-point for high retention. Glide to success with Doorsteptutor material for UGC : Get detailed illustrated notes covering entire syllabus: point-by-point for high retention. The same thing is true for the NOOJ system analysis programs. CPU. Data Processing Converting data into information, is called data processing. computer science. Competitive Exams: Glossary of Computer Science Glide to success with Doorsteptutor material for UGC : Get detailed illustrated notes covering entire syllabus : point-by-point for high retention. Over 6,500 entriesPreviously named A Dictionary of Computing, this bestselling dictionary has been fully revised by a team of computer specialists, making it the most up-to-date and authoritative guide to computing available. Each glossary page contains a list of further theory & reading around the Computer Science GCSE glossary keyword 3. n. Data Dictionary The document that contains clear definitions of the data that will be used in setting up database management systems. Glossary of command terms 93 Further reading 95. For technical…, Height, size performance of complete and nearly complete binary search trees in dictionary applications, Approches catégoriques et non catégoriques en linguistique des corpus spécialisés : application à un système de filtrage d'information, Approche mixte pour l'extraction de terminologie : statistique lexicale et filtres linguistiques, Prise en compte de l'application dans la constitution de produits terminologiques, Aide ? Active program or window - The application or window at the front (foreground) on the monitor. A small data-memory storage area that a computer can use to instantly re-access data instead of re-reading the data from the original source, such as a hard drive. New definitions have been added in the fields of wireless technology, robotics, and artificial intelligence. View Computer Science Glossary.pdf from CS MISC at Oxford Brookes. 3D model (n)~ A computer simulation of a physical object in which length, width, and depth are real attributes: a model, with x-, y-, and z-axes, that can be rotated for viewing from different angles. 3. n. In computer security, a process used to verify the user of an information system or protected resources. Basic Computer Terms and Definitions. dictionary according to the use that one will make of it. What is Computer Science? Data Flow Diagrams A data flow diagram (DFD) is a graphical representation of the 'flow'of data through an information system. partir de corpus, Ana : Acquisition Naturelle Automatique d'un réseau sémantique, SVETLAN', un système de structuration du lexique guidé par la détermination automatique du contexte thématique, Le dictionnaire électronique des mots composés, Recensement et description des mots composés - méthodes et applications, By clicking accept or continuing to use the site, you agree to the terms outlined in our. One understands here by electronic dictionaries the lexical databases where all information is explicit because they are intended for computer programs use. You are currently offline. l''acquisition de connaissances ? Computer Aided Drawing - Computer Aided Manufacturing. CAD-CAM. detailed illustrated notes covering entire syllabus, Computer Science Database Life Cycle Modelling, Computer Science Pascal Strcutured Programming, Address: Number given to a memory location for identification, Application: A procedure to be run on a computer, Applications Package: A standard set of programs to run a procedure, Arithmetic Unit: Part of the GPU where arithmetic is carried out (also called ALU), Assembler: Program to translate a low-level language into machine language, Batch: A set of transactions awaiting processing, hence, Batch Processing: Processing a batch of transactions, BCD: Binary coded decimal, a method of representing numeric data, Bit: Binary digit, 0 or 1 on the binary scale, Bureau: Organization hiring out computer time, Central Processing Unit: The memory, ALU and control unit, Check Digit: Additional digit added to a code to check its accuracy, Code: Unique identifier of an item, also a program instruction, Collating: Gathering together transactions relating to the same record, Compiler: Program to translate a high-level language into machine language, Control Unit: Part of CPU, used to control the activities of the computer, Data Control: Task of ensuring that all data is properly processed, Data Preparation: Converting data to machine-readable form, Desk Check: Method of testing program logic, Direct Access: Capability of accessing and record in a file without accessing the complete file, Documentation: Flowcharts, diagrams and narrative explaining a program, File Storage Device: A means of storing files, GIGO: Garbage in, garbage out are the result of errors input data, Hardware: The machinery of the computer, CPU and peripherals, High-Level Language: Language in which thebprocedures to be carried out are expressed in terms familiar to the user, e. g. English, or mathematical formulae, Hit Rate: The ratio of transactions to records, Information Retrieval: Obtaining information from files, Input: Data to be used for processing, hence, Input Device: Device to transfer such data to the CPU, Instruction: Program coding which causes the computer to take some action, Interpreter: Program to translate a high-level language into machine language used when the program is translated each time it is run, IAS: Instant access store, alternative name for memory, Job Assembly: Task of putting together all items required by the operators to run a job, Job Control Language: Programming language used to instruct the operating system, Jump: Capability of altering the sequence of processing depending on the result of a test, Key: Part of a record used to identify the record e. g. For sorting, Language: Set of instructions available to the programmer for writing a program, Logic Unit: Part of the CPU where logical operations are carried out, Low-Level Language: Programming language using computer functions to specify the logic of a procedure (e. g. High-level language), Machine Language: Program instructions in binary form as required by the computer, Mainframe: Largest type of computer configuration, Master File: A set of records permanently maintained for processing e. g. Employee file, Memory: Pail of the CPU used for storing data and programs, Microcomputer: Very small computer with limited facilities, Minicomputer: Computer of intermediate size between a microcomputer and a mainframe, Nanosecond: One thousand millionth of a second, Operating System: Program, usually provided by the manufacturer, for making the computer work, Output: Results obtained from processing, hence, Output Device: Peripheral unit capable of writing or displaying output, Parity: Odd parity or even parity, methods of checking the accuracy of transfer of data between locations in the computer configuration, Peripheral: Device attached to the CPU but not part of it, Processing Cycle: The cycle of input, process, output, common to most procedures, Program: Set of instructions to the computer, Punching: Turning data into a machine-readable form, Record: Collections of an item e. g. An item of stock, Software: The complete range of programs available for a computer, Sorting: Using a key to place records in ascending or descending order, Storage Medium: Means of storing data e. g. Magnetic tapes and discs, Structured Programming: Method of expressing the logical relationship of program modules, Syntax: Permitted words, symbols and constructions in a programming language.

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